Bursitis is a swelling and soreness (inflammation) of a fluid-filled sac (bursa) that overlies and protects a joint. It can be caused by injury, overuse of the joint, arthritis, or infection. The joints most likely to be affected are the elbows, shoulders, hips and knees.
Home Care Instructions
- Apply ice to the affected area for 15 to 20 minutes each hour while awake for 2 days. Put the ice in a plastic bag and place a towel between the bag of ice and your skin.
- Rest the injured joint as much as possible, but continue to put the joint through a full range of motion 4 times per day. (The shoulder joint especially becomes rapidly “frozen” if not used). When the pain lessens, begin normal slow movements and usual activities.
- Only take over-the-counter or prescription medicines for pain, discomfort, or fever as directed by your caregiver.
- Your caregiver may drain the bursa and inject medicine. This may speed up the healing process. This is often also used as an initial treatment of choice.
- Follow all instructions for follow-up with your caregiver. This includes and orthopedic referrals, physical therapy, and rehabilitation. Any delay in obtaining necessary care could result in a delay or failure of the bursitis to heal and chronic pain.
Seek Immediate Medical Care If
- Your pain increases even during treatment
- You develop an oral temperature above 102 F (38.9 C), or as your caregiver suggests, and have heat and inflammation over the involved bursa
Make Sure You
- Understand these instructions
- Will watch your condition
- Will get help right away if you are not doing well or get worse
For more information about buristis, please call (918) 494-AOOK (2665).